What is Multiple sclerosis (MS)?

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a potentially disabling disease of the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system).

In MS, the immune system attacks the protective sheath (myelin) that covers nerve fibers and causes communication problems between your brain and the rest of your body. Eventually, the disease can cause the nerves themselves to deteriorate or become permanently damaged.

Signs and symptoms of MS vary widely and depend on the amount of nerve damage and which nerves are affected. Some people with severe MS may lose the ability to walk independently or at all, while others may experience long periods of remission without any new symptoms.

 

Traditional way of treating Multiple sclerosis (MS)?

There’s no cure for multiple sclerosis (MS), but medicines and lifestyle changes can help you manage the disease

Medications to slow the progression of the disease

Disease modifying therapies, sometimes known as immunotherapies, are used to treat relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. These medications work to reduce disease activity, so the myelin around the nerves is subjected to less damage.

Immune suppression therapies such as methotrexate or mitozantrone are sometimes used, especially for people with very active multiple sclerosis. These medications work by inhibiting the activity of the immune system.

Medications to treat the symptoms caused by a relapse

Methylprednisolone is a steroid medication used to minimize the severity of a multiple sclerosis relapse by easing inflammation in the affected area.

 

How stem cell effects Multiple sclerosis (MS)?

Stem cell therapy is any treatment that uses or targets stem cells, which are the types of cells that differentiate into many different specialized cells in our bodies. Many types of stem cells are being explored for their potential benefits for treating multiple sclerosis.

Stem cell act by suppressing the autoimmune response and managing symptoms. By the use of stem cells, efficiency of the Multiple sclerosis’s patient is improved.