Avascular necrosis (AVN), also called osteonecrosis or bone infarction,
is death of bone tissue due to interruption of the blood supply.
1. Gradually increasing joint pain
2. Limitation of movement
3. Wasting of surrounding muscles
may include collapse of the bone or nearby joint surface.
Risk factors include
1. bone fractures
2. joint dislocations
4. use of high-dose steroids
The most commonly affected bone is the femur
Treatments may include
5. Partial hip replacement
6.Total hip replacement
8. Pain management (modalities)
9. Muscle strengthening exercises of surrounded muscles
11. ROM exercises
12. Gait training
Stem cell treatment
Stem cell therapy used to treat degenerative conditions for Avascular necrosis. Research shows that adult stem cells can produce healthy cartilage and this can help to accelerate the body’s natural healing process. Stem cell therapy could reduce the number of hip replacement surgeries. The treatment is safer and comes with no serious complications.